Serpentarium Mundi by Alexei Alexeev The Ancient Ophidian Iconography Resource (Mundus Vetus, 3000 BC - 650 AD)
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Volume II VOLUME III: COINS Volume IV
Crocodile

Article: Crocodile
Iconography: 14 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Lizard

Article: Lizard
Iconography: 24 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Snake

Article: Snake
Iconography: 10 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Turtle

Article: Turtle
Iconography: 22 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Frog

Article: Frog
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Crab

Article: Crab
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Dolphin

Article: Dolphin*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Octopus

Article: Octopus
Iconography: 12 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Bull

Article: Bull
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Deer

Article: Deer
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Dog

Article: Dog
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Elephant

Article: Elephant
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Fox

Article: Fox*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Goat

Article: Goat
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Horse

Article: Horse
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Hyena

Article: Hyena*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Lion

Article: Lion
Iconography: 9 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Eagle

Article: Eagle
Iconography: 38 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Ibis

Article: Ibis
Iconography: 1 type
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: 12 March 2021
Modification: 12 April 2021
Owl

Article: Owl
Iconography: 10 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Rooster

Article: Rooster
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Bee

Article: Bee*
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Abrasax (IAO)

Article: Abrasax [ΙΑΩ]
Iconography: 1 type
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: 13 January 2021
Modification: 12 April 2021
Achelous

Article: Achelous (?)
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Agathodaemon

Article: Agathodaemon
Iconography: 18 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Cerberos

Article: Cecrops
Iconography: 1 type
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: 21 March 2018
Modification: 12 April 2021
Cerberos

Article: Cerberos
Iconography: 31 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Chimaera

Article: Chimaera
Iconography: 29 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Demeter-Thermuthis

Article: Demeter·Thermuthis
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Giant

Article: Giant
Iconography: 16 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Glycon

Article: Glycon
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Gorgon, Erinys

Article: Gorgon, Erinys
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Harpocrates-Sobek

Article: Harpocrates·Sobek
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Isis-Thermuthis

Article: Isis·Thermuthis
Iconography: 31 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Lernean Hydra

Article: Lernean Hydra
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Nemean Lion

Article: Nemean Lion
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Ophiocephalos

Article: Ophiocephalos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Ophis Theikos

Article: Ophis Theikos
Iconography: 31 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Orthros

Article: Orthros
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Serapis-Agathodaemon

Article: Serapis·Agathodaemon
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Souchos (Sobek)

Article: Souchos (Sobek)
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Tithoes (Tutu)

Article: Tithoes (Tutu)
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Baal Arwad

Article: Baal Arwad
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Capricorn

Article: Capricorn
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Hippocampos

Article: Hippocampos
Iconography: 29 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Ichthyocentaur

Article: Ichthyocentaur
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Ketos, Sea Monster

Article: Ketos, Sea Monster
Iconography: 22 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Pterohippocampos

Article: Pterohippocampos
Iconography: 17 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Scylla

Article: Scylla
Iconography: 24 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Taurocampos

Article: Taurocampos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Triton, Nereus

Article: Triton, Nereus
Iconography: 28 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Garuda

Article: Garuda
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Gryphon

Article: Gryphon
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Pterosphinx

Article: Pterosphinx
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Sphinx

Article: Sphinx
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Phytopode Giant

Article: Phytopode Giant
Iconography: 2 types
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: 14 January 2021
Modification: 12 April 2021
Pterophytopode Spirit

Article: Pterophytopode Spirit
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Anthropocephalic Serpent

Article: Anthropocephalic Serpent
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Ophiocaudic Lion

Article: Ophiocaudic Lion
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Apollo

Article: Apollo
Iconography: 30 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Artemis

Article: Artemis
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Athena

Article: Athena
Iconography: 25 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Demeter

Article: Demeter
Iconography: 19 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Dionysos

Article: Dionysos
Iconography: 10 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Hermes

Article: Hermes
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Poseidon

Article: Poseidon
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Zeus

Article: Zeus
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Apollo

Article: Apollo
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Bacchus

Article: Bacchus
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Ceres

Article: Ceres
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Juno Sospita

Article: Juno Sospita
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Minerva

Article: Minerva
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Asclepios

Article: Asclepios
Iconography: 73 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Dikaiosyne-Tyche

Article: Dikaiosyne·Tyche
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Euthenia

Article: Euthenia
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Hades

Article: Hades
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Harmonia

Article: Harmonia (?)
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Hecate

Article: Hecate
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Helios

Article: Helios*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Homonoia

Article: Homonoia
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Hygieia

Article: Hygieia
Iconography: 11 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Nike

Article: Nike
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Nike Pantheia

Article: Nike Pantheia
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Telesphoros

Article: Telesphoros
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Tyche Pantheia

Article: Tyche Pantheia
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Aesculapius

Article: Aesculapius
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Janus

Article: Janus
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Pax

Article: Pax
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Pax-Nemesis

Article: Pax·Nemesis
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Salus

Article: Salus
Iconography: 14 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Valetudo

Article: Valetudo
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Victoria

Article: Victoria
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegyptos

Article: Aegyptos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Alexandria

Article: Alexandria
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Genius Polias

Article: Genius Polias
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Tyche Polias

Article: Tyche Polias
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Aisaros

Article: Aisaros
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Hypsas

Article: Hypsas
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Peirene

Article: Peirene
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Thetis

Article: Thetis
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Tiberinus

Article: Tiberinus
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Tyne

Article: Tyne
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Apis

Article: Apis
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Bes

Article: Bes
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Eshmun

Article: Eshmun
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Aesculapius Eshmun

Article: Aesculapius·Eshmun
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Harpocrates

Article: Harpocrates
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Heron

Article: Heron
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Heros Equitans

Article: Heros Equitans
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Isis

Article: Isis
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Men

Article: Men
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Serapis

Article: Serapis
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Serapis Pantheos

Article: Serapis Pantheos
Iconography: 12 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Spring 2021
Modification: N/A
Adrastos

Article: Adrastos
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Bellerophon

Article: Bellerophon
Iconography: 9 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Cadmos

Article: Cadmos
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Heracles

Article: Heracles
Iconography: 44 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Manes (Damasen)

Article: Manes (Damasen)
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Perseus

Article: Perseus
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Ajax the Lesser

Article: Ajax the Lesser
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Amphilochos

Article: Amphilochos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Castor & Polydeuces

Article: Castor & Polydeuces
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Iamos

Article: Iamos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Iocastos

Article: Iocastos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Opheltes-Archemoros

Article: Opheltes·Archemoros
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Philoctetes

Article: Philoctetes
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Taras, Phalanthos

Article: Taras, Phalanthos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Triptolemos

Article: Triptolemos
Iconography: 14 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Zakynthos

Article: Zakynthos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Alexander III the Great

Article: Alexander III the Great
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Nero

Article: Nero
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Octavia Minor

Article: Octavia Minor
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Olympias

Article: Olympias
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Severus Alexander

Article: Severus Alexander
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Themistocles

Article: Themistocles
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Valerian

Article: Valerian
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Dignitary

Article: Dignitary
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Horseman

Article: Horseman
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Lancer

Article: Lancer
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Maiden

Article: Maiden
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Mystery Duo 1

Article: Mystery Duo¹
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Mystery Duo 2

Article: Mystery Duo²
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Pharaoh

Article: Pharaoh
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Priestess

Article: Priestess
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Reaper

Article: Reaper
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Torch Holder 1

Article: Torch Holder¹
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Torch Holder 2

Article: Torch Holder²
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Warrior

Article: Warrior
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Youth

Article: Youth
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis

Article: Aegis
Iconography: 12 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Athena

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Athena
Iconography: 36 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Felicitas

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Felicitas
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Minerva

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Minerva
Iconography: 10 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Zeus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Zeus
Iconography: 10 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Alexander III the Great

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Alexander III the Great
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Ptolemy I

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Ptolemy I Soter
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Ptolemy III

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Ptolemy III Euergetes
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Ptolemy IV Philopator

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Ptolemy IV Philopator
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Ptolemy VIII Physcon

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Ptolemy VIII Physcon
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Menander I Soter

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Menander I Soter
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Heliocles I

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Heliocles I
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Antialcidas Nikephoros

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Antialcidas Nikephoros
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Lysias Aniketos

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Lysias Aniketos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Strato I Soter

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Strato I Soter
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Philoxenos Aniketos

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Philoxenos Aniketos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Amyntas Nikator

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Amyntas Nikator
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Diomedes Soter

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Diomedes Soter
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Heliocles II Dikaios

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Heliocles II Dikaios
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Menander II Dikaios

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Menander II Dikaios
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Archebios Dikaios Nikephoros

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Archebios Dikaios Nikephoros
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Artemidoros Aniketos

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Artemidoros Aniketos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Nero

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Nero
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Galba

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Galba
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Vespasian

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Vespasian
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Titus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Titus
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Domitian

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Domitian
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Nerva

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Nerva
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Trajan

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Trajan
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Hadrian

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Hadrian
Iconography: 10 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Antoninus Pius

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Antoninus Pius
Iconography: 8 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Marcus Aurelius

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Marcus Aurelius
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Lucius Verus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Lucius Verus
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Commodus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Commodus
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Septimius Severus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Septimius Severus
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Caracalla

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Caracalla
Iconography: 18 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Macrinus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Macrinus
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Elagabalus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Elagabalus
Iconography: 5 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Severus Alexander

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Severus Alexander
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Maximinus Thrax

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Maximinus Thrax
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Gordian III

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Gordian III
Iconography: 11 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Philip the Arab

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Philip the Arab
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Philip II

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Philip II
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Valerian

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Valerian
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Gallienus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Gallienus
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Claudius II Gothicus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Claudius II Gothicus
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Aurelian

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Aurelian
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Tacitus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Tacitus
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Florianus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Florianus
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Probus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Probus
Iconography: 27 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Carus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Carus
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Carinus

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Carinus
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Numerian

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Numerian
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Maximian

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Maximian
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Galerius

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Galerius
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Constantine I the Great

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Constantine I the Great
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Constantine II

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Constantine II
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Constantius II

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Constantius II
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Constans I

Article: Aegis-Bearer: Constans I
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Eye of Ra

Article: Eye of Ra
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Gorgoneion

Article: Gorgoneion
Iconography: 19 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aegis-Bearer: Kerykeion, Caduceus

Article: Kerykeion, Caduceus
Iconography: 25 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Antinous

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Antinous
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Ceres

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Ceres
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Concordia

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Concordia
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Eirene

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Eirene
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Emperor

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Emperor
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Felicitas

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Felicitas
Iconography: 9 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Fortuna

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Fortuna
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Genius

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Genius
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Heracles

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Heracles
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Herald

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Herald
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Hermanubis

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Hermanubis
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Hermes

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Hermes
Iconography: 15 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Maia

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Maia
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Mercury

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Mercury
Iconography: 20 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Nike

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Nike
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Pax

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Pax
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Saeculum Frugiferum

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Saeculum Frugiferum
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Serapis

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Serapis
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Tyche Pantheia

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Tyche Pantheia
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Tyche Polias

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Tyche Polias
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Venus Genetrix

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Venus Genetrix
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Victoria

Article: Kerykeion/Caduceus-Bearer: Victoria
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Thunderbolt

Article: Thunderbolt*
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Altar

Article: Altar
Iconography: 15 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Asclepios' Rod

Article: Asclepios' Rod
Iconography: 15 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Baetylus

Article: Baetylus
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Cista Mystica

Article: Cista Mystica
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Curule

Article: Curule
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Dioscuri's Piloi

Article: Dioscuri's Piloi*
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Egg

Article: Egg
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Fasces

Article: Fasces*
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Herma

Article: Herma*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Isis' Headgear

Article: Isis' Headgear
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Omphalos

Article: Omphalos
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Silenos' Mask

Article: Silenos' Mask
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Temple

Article: Temple
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Thyrsos

Article: Thyrsos*
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Torch

Article: Torch
Iconography: 7 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Tripod

Article: Tripod
Iconography: 12 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Wreath

Article: Wreath
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Hydria

Article: Hydria*
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kantharos

Article: Kantharos
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Krater (Calyx)

Article: Krater (Calyx)*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Krater

Article: Krater
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Loutrophoros

Article: Loutrophoros
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Oinochoe

Article: Oinochoe*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Urn

Article: Urn*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aulos

Article: Aulos*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Carnyx

Article: Carnyx
Iconography: 8 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kithara

Article: Kithara
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Lyre

Article: Lyre
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Phorminx

Article: Phorminx
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Anchor

Article: Anchor
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Aquila

Article: Aquila
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Bow & Arrow

Article: Bow & Arrow*
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Caliga

Article: Caliga
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Chariot

Article: Chariot
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Club

Article: Club
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Dragon Standard

Article: Dragon Standard
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Galley

Article: Galley
Iconography: 6 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Gorytos

Article: Gorytos
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Harpe

Article: Harpe*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Helmet

Article: Helmet
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Labarum

Article: Labarum
Iconography: 1 type
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: 11 April 2021
Modification: 12 April 2021
Labrys

Article: Labrys
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Quiver

Article: Quiver*
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Shield

Article: Shield
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Trident

Article: Trident*
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Brace Drill

Article: Brace Drill (?)
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Scalpel

Article: Scalpel (?)
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Stethoscope

Article: Stethoscope (?)
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Cornucopia

Article: Cornucopia*
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Grain Ear

Article: Grain Ear
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Grapevine

Article: Grapevine
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kalathos

Article: Kalathos
Iconography: 8 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Kalathos

Article: Palm Frond*
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Rose

Article: Rose
Iconography: 4 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Sacred Grove

Article: Sacred Grove
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Sacred Tree

Article: Sacred Tree
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Silphium

Article: Silphium
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Tree Sapling

Article: Tree Sapling
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Star

Article: Star*
Iconography: 2 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Gammadion

Article: Gammadion*
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Monogram

Article: Monogram
Iconography: 1 type (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
Pentagram

Article: Pentagram
Iconography: 3 types (estimate)
Development Status: Preliminary Survey
Detailed Research
Digital Development
Publication: (anticipated) Autumn 2021
Modification: N/A
               
  Real
Animals


Reptiles:

Crocodile
Lizard
Snake
Turtle
-----------------------
Amphibians:

Frog
-----------------------
Aquatic:

Crab
Octopus
-----------------------
Terrestrial:

Bull, Cow
Deer
Dog
Elephant
Goat
Horse
Lion
-----------------------
Avian:

Eagle
Ibis
Owl
Rooster
-----------------------
Insects:

Bee*
Fantastic
Creatures


Herpetomorphs:

Abrasax [ΙΑΩ]
Agathodaemon
Cecrops
Cerberos
Chimaera
Demeter·Thermuthis
Giant
Glycon
Gorgon, Erinys
Harpocrates·Sobek
Isis·Thermuthis
Lernean Hydra
Nemean Lion
Ophiocephalos
Ophis Theikos
Orthros
Serapis·Agatho-daemon
Souchos (Sobek)
Tithoes (Tutu)
-----------------------
Ichthyomorphs:

Baal Arwad
Capricorn
Hippocampos
Ichthyocentaur
Ketos, Sea Monster
Pterohippocampos
Scylla
Taurocampos
Triton, Nereus
-----------------------
Ornithomorphs:

Garuda
-----------------------
Theriomorphs:

Gryphon
Pterosphinx
Sphinx
-----------------------
Phytomorphs:

Phytopode Giant
Pterophytopode Spirit
-----------------------
"Psalmic" Monsters:

Anthropocephalic Serpent
Ophiocaudic Lion
Deities &
Spirits


Olympians:

Apollo
Artemis
Athena
Demeter
Dionysos
Hermes
Poseidon
Zeus
-----------------------
Dii Consentes:

Apollo
Bacchus
Ceres
Juno Sospita
Minerva
-----------------------
Major Greek Deities & Spirits:

Asclepios
Dikaiosyne·Tyche
Euthenia
Hades
Harmonia (?)
Hecate
Homonoia
Hygieia
Nike
Nike Pantheia
Telesphoros
Tyche Pantheia
-----------------------
Major Roman Deities & Spirits:

Aesculapius
Janus
Pax
Pax·Nemesis
Salus
Valetudo
Victoria
-----------------------
Country & City Personifications, Local Deities & Spirits:

Aegyptos
Alexandria
Genius Polias
Tyche Polias
-----------------------
Aquatic Deities
& River-Gods:

Aisaros
Hypsas
Peirene
Tiberinus
Tyne
-----------------------
Foreign & Syn-cretistic Deities:

Aesculapius·Eshmun
Apis
Bes
Eshmun
Harpocrates
Heron
Heros Equitans
Isis
Mên
Serapis
Serapis Pantheos
Heroes &
Victims


Monster Slayers:

Adrastos
Bellerophon
Cadmos
Heracles
Manes (Damasen)
Perseus
-----------------------
Mythological & Legendary Figures:

Ajax the Lesser
Amphilochos
Castor & Polydeuces
Iamos
Iocastos
Opheltes·
Archemoros
Philoctetes
Taras, Phalanthos
Triptolemos
Zakynthos
Notables &
Anonyms


Historical Figures:

Alexander the Great
Nero
Octavia Minor
Olympias
Severus Alexander
Themistocles
Valerian
-----------------------
Anonymous Personages:

Dignitary
Horseman
Lancer
Maiden
Mystery Duo¹
Mystery Duo²
Pharaoh
Priestess
Reaper
Torch Holder¹
Torch Holder²
Warrior
Youth
Objects &
Symbols


Fantastic Objects:

Aegis
⟐ Aegis-Bearers (Greco-Roman Deities):
Athena
Felicitas
Minerva
Zeus
⟐ Aegis-Bearers (Hellenistic Kings):
Alexander the Great
Ptolemy I
Ptolemy III
Ptolemy IV
Ptolemy VIII
Menander I
Heliocles I
Antialcidas
Lysias
Strato I
Philoxenos
Amyntas
Diomedes
Heliocles II
Menander II
Archebios
Artemidoros
⟐ Aegis-Bearers (Roman Emperors):
Nero
Galba
Vespasian
Titus
Domitian
Nerva
Trajan
Hadrian
Antoninus Pius
Marcus Aurelius
Lucius Verus
Commodus
Septimius Severus
Caracalla
Macrinus
Elagabalus
Severus Alexander
Maximinus Thrax
Gordian III
Philip the Arab
Philip II
Valerian
Gallienus
Claudius II Gothicus
Aurelian
Tacitus
Florianus
Probus
Carus
Carinus
Numerian
Maximian
Galerius
Constantine the Great
Constantine II
Constantius II
Constans I
-------------------------
Eye of Ra
Gorgoneion
-------------------------
Kerykeion, Caduceus
⟐ Kerykeion/
Caduceus-Bearers
(Deities, Notables):
Antinous
Ceres
Concordia
Eirene
Emperor
Felicitas
Fortuna
Genius
Heracles
Herald
Hermanubis
Hermes
Maia
Mercury
Nike
Pax
Saeculum Frugiferum
Serapis
Tyche Pantheia
Tyche Polias
Venus Genetrix
Victoria
-------------------------
Thunderbolt*
-------------------------
Ritual Objects:

Altar
Asclepios' Rod
Baetylus
Cista Mystica
Curule
Dioscuri's Piloi*
Egg
Fasces*
Isis' Headgear
Omphalos
Silenos' Mask
Temple
Torch
Tripod
Wreath
-------------------------
Vases:

Kantharos
Krater
Loutrophoros
Oinochoe*
Urn*
-------------------------
Musical Instruments:

Carnyx
Kithara
Lyre
Phorminx
-------------------------
Weapons & Other Military Devices:

Anchor
Aquila
Bow & Arrow*
Caliga
Chariot
Club
Dragon Standard
Galley
Gorytos
Helmet
Labarum
Labrys
Quiver*
Shield
Trident*
-------------------------
Agricultural, Horticultural & Arboricultural Symbols:

Cornucopia*
Grain Ear
Grapevine
Kalathos
Rose
Sacred Grove
Sacred Tree
Silphium
Tree Sapling
-------------------------
Graphemic & Geometric Symbols:

Monogram
Pentagram
 
               
Description. Volume III contains a selection of iconographical subjects represented on numismatic and exonumic objects: coins, contourniates, and medallions in a variety of materials (bronze, silver, electrum, gold, etc.).

This volume is divided into 6 specialized chapters, based on the type of iconographical subject and the context. Every chapter has a different number of articles (currently from 16 to 59). Each article has a different number of figures (currently from 3 to 12). The figures' thumbnails are placed into the 5 x 6 basic gallery grid which is expanded vertically by adding extra rows when needed. Each figure has a unique code, based on a universal formula: N-n-xxx-nnn (Volume Number - Chapter Number - Abbreviated Article Name - Figure Number). Some artefacts are represented by several figures offering the obverse and reverse views.

Currently, 5 articles in 3 chapters are available, and Volume III contains 49 figures.

------------------------------------------------- « ● Selected Classical Quotations ● » --------------------------------------------------



{...} the Lydians have nearly the same customs as the Hellenes. They were the first of all people we know of to use coinage struck from gold and silver, and the first to become retailers of goods they did not themselves produce.


Author: Work: Fragment(s): Translator(s): Collection & Publisher:
Herodotus
(c. 484-425 BC)
Histories I: 94, 1 Andrea L. Purvis, Robert B. Strassler The Landmark Series:
Herodotus, The Histories
,
Anchor Books © 2007


--------------------------------------------------------------------- « ● ● ● » ---------------------------------------------------------------------


Both [Delphian] oracles concurred in their reply; they predicted that if Croesus [Croesus of Lydia, r. 560-546 BC] were to wage war against the Persians, he would destroy a great empire, and they advised him to find the most powerful Hellenes and to make them his friends and supporters. When the oracular responses were brought back to Croesus, he was overjoyed with the prophecies, confidently expecting that they foretold that he was going to destroy the empire of Cyrus [Cyrus the Great, r. 549-530 BC]. Then, having sent yet another mission to Delphi, and after having ascertained the size of the population of Delphi, Croesus gave each man of that city a present of two gold staters. In return, the Delphians granted to Croesus and the Lydians the privileges of priority in oracular consultation and exemption from fees, along with front-row places in their festivals. They also granted in perpetuity that any of the Lydians could become a Delphian citizen.


Author: Work: Fragment(s): Translator(s): Collection & Publisher:
Herodotus
(c. 484-425 BC)
Histories I: 53, 3; 54, 1-2 Andrea L. Purvis, Robert B. Strassler The Landmark Series:
Herodotus, The Histories
,
Anchor Books © 2007


--------------------------------------------------------------------- « ● ● ● » ---------------------------------------------------------------------


After the Lacedaemonians had besieged Samos for forty days [525 BC] without making any progress, they returned to the Peloponnese. There is an asinine account that has been spread about that Polykrates [Polycrates of Samos, r. 538-522 BC] gave them a large sum of gilded lead Samian coins that he had struck, which they accepted and for that reason departed. This was the first time the Lacedaemonians had ever led an army into Asia.


Author: Work: Fragment(s): Translator(s): Collection & Publisher:
Herodotus
(c. 484-425 BC)
Histories III: 56, 1-2 Andrea L. Purvis, Robert B. Strassler The Landmark Series:
Herodotus, The Histories
,
Anchor Books © 2007


--------------------------------------------------------------------- « ● ● ● » ---------------------------------------------------------------------


The King [Darius I, r. 522-486 BC] uses the following method of storing his tribute income. After it has been melted down, it is poured into clay jars, and whenever a vessel is filled up, its clay is removed. Then, whenever he needs money, he strikes off and coins as much as he needs at the time.


Author: Work: Fragment(s): Translator(s): Collection & Publisher:
Herodotus
(c. 484-425 BC)
Histories III: 96, 2 Andrea L. Purvis, Robert B. Strassler The Landmark Series:
Herodotus, The Histories
,
Anchor Books © 2007


--------------------------------------------------------------------- « ● ● ● » ---------------------------------------------------------------------


{...} Darius [Darius I, r. 522-486 BC] gave him a present of two pairs of golden chains, which prompted Democedes [fl. late 500s-early 400s BC] to ask Darius if what he really meant by this was to dispense a double punishment to him for bringing him back to health. Delighted by this little joke, Darius sent him off to his wives, escorted by the eunuchs; and when the eunuchs informed the women that this was the man who gave life back to the King, each woman dipped a bowl into a chest of gold and presented it to Democedes. Indeed, they gave him such an extravagant amount that one of the servants, whose name was Skiton, collected an enormous sum of gold just by picking up the staters that fell from the bowls as he followed behind.


Author: Work: Fragment(s): Translator(s): Collection & Publisher:
Herodotus
(c. 484-425 BC)
Histories III: 130, 4 Andrea L. Purvis, Robert B. Strassler The Landmark Series:
Herodotus, The Histories
,
Anchor Books © 2007


--------------------------------------------------------------------- « ● ● ● » ---------------------------------------------------------------------


This Aryandes had been appointed governor of Egypt by Cambyses [Cambyses II, r. 525-522 BC]; later he was put to death for trying to act like the equal of Darius [Darius I, r. 522-486 BC]. He had personally seen and heard how Darius had set his heart on leaving behind a memorial to himself unlike any of those left by other kings, and Aryandes attempted to initiate the King in this until he received his just reward. What happened was that after Darius refined a quantity of gold to its highest possible purity and struck the most valuable coins from this metal, Aryandes, acting as the ruler of Egypt, did the same thing, but with silver. Even today, the purest silver coin is the Aryandic. But when Darius found out that Aryandes was doing this, he had him executed, although he did so on a different charge, accusing him of having revolted against him.


Author: Work: Fragment(s): Translator(s): Collection & Publisher:
Herodotus
(c. 484-425 BC)
Histories IV: 166, 1-2 Andrea L. Purvis, Robert B. Strassler The Landmark Series:
Herodotus, The Histories
,
Anchor Books © 2007



Editorial notes: {...} - Omitted text; [...] - Translation back to the original, clarification, or curator's commentary.

Source-Image(s): Volume III source-images come from both internal and external resources (see below). Every attempt is made to maximize use of the curator's own photographic database. The rest of the source-images come from online resources and digital scans. In each case, the copyright holder’s permission was acquired and the courtesy gratefully acknowledged.
● Personal Photo Archive:
Alexei Alexeev Curator Ottawa, Canada alexeialexeev@rogers.com
● Museums' Numismatic Collections Online:
American Numismatic
Society (ANS)
MANTIS New York, USA www.numismatics.org
Ashmolean Museum
of Art and Archaeology
The Heberden Coin Room Oxford, UK www.hcr.ashmus.ox.ac.uk
Bibliothèque Nationale
de France
Cabinet des Médailles Paris, France www.medaillesetantiques.bnf.fr
British Museum Department of Coins and
Medals
London, UK www.britishmuseum.org
Fitzwilliam Museum Department of Coins and
Medals
Cambridge, UK www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk
Hunterian Museum Department of Coins and
Medals
Glasgow, UK www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk
Kunsthistorisches
Museum
Münzkabinett Vienna, Austria www.ikmk.at
Museum of Fine Arts Department of Coins and
Medals
Boston, USA www.mfa.org
Epigraphic & Numismatic
Museum
Main Collection Athens, Greece www.enma.gr
Pushkin State Museum
of Fine Arts
Coins & Medals Department Moscow, Russia www.coins-and-medals.ru
Staatliche Museen zu
Berlin (Altes Museum,
Bode Museum)
Münzkabinett Berlin, Germany www.ikmk.smb.museum
Staatliche Münzsammlung München Main Collection Munich, Germany www.staatliche-muenzsammlung.de
Institut für Altertumskunde,
Universität zu Köln
Münzsammlung Cologne, Germany www.muenzen.uni-koeln.de
● Specialized Numismatic Databases Online:
Aeqvitas Online Numismatic
Database
Uncertain Location www.aeqvitas.com
Ancient Numismatic Mythology Online Numismatic
Database
Uncertain Location www.ancientcoinage.org
Ancients Info The Online Resource for
Ancient Coins & Antiquities
Uncertain Location www.ancients.info
Asia Minor Coins Ancient Greek and Roman
Coins from Asia Minor
Uncertain Location www.asiaminorcoins.com
Coin India The Virtual Museum of
Indian Coins
Uncertain Location www.coinindia.com
Coin Talk Online Numismatic
Database
Uncertain Location www.cointalk.com
Livius Livius Onderwijs, Articles on Ancient History The Hague, Netherlands www.livius.org
Numisma Club Open Numismatic
Society
Uncertain Location www.numismaclub.com
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) American Numismatic Society New York, USA www.numismatics.org/ocre
Perseus Digital Library Department of Classics, Tufts University Medford, USA www.nlp.perseus.tufts.edu
Roman Provincial Coinage Online (RPCO) Ashmolean Museum of Art
and Archaeology
Oxford, UK www.rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum (SNG) Department of Coins and Medals, Fitzwilliam Museum Cambridge, UK www.sylloge-nummorum-graecorum.org
● Numismatic Auctions' Consolidated Databases Online:
Ancient Coins Search Online Numismatic Auctions' Consolidated Database Root, Switzerland www.acsearch.info
Coin Archives Online Numismatic Auctions' Consolidated Database Uncertain Location www.coinarchives.com
Numis Bids Online Numismatic Auctions' Consolidated Database Uncertain Location www.numisbids.com
Six Bid Online Numismatic Auctions' Consolidated Database Uncertain Location www.sixbid.com
Wild Winds Online Numismatic Auctions' Consolidated Database Uncertain Location www.wildwinds.com
● Numismatic Shops & Auction Houses' Databases Online:
Artemide Aste Online Numismatic Shop &
Auction House's Database
Dogana, San Marino www.artemideaste.com
Bargain Bin Ancients Online Numismatic Shop & Auction House's Database Winter Park, USA www.bargainbinancients.com
Classical Numismatic Group Online Numismatic Shop &
Auction House's Database
Lancaster, USA www.cngcoins.com
CGB.fr Online Numismatic Shop &
Auction House's Database
Paris, France www.cgbfr.com
Forum Ancient Coins Online Numismatic Shop &
Auction House's Database
Morehead City, USA www.forumancientcoins.com
VCoins Online Numismatic Shop & Auction House's Database San Antonio, USA www.vcoins.com
● Printed Publications:
Anson,
Leo
1911-
1916
Numismata Graeca: Greek Coin-Types, Classified for Im-mediate Identification. Volume I: Industry: Vases, Recipients, Tripods, etc., 1911; Volume II: War: Arms, Weapons, Armours, Standards, etc., 1911; Volume III: Agriculture: Plants and Trees, Fruits, Flowers, etc., 1912; Volume IV: Religion: Altars, Attributes of Deities, Sacrifice, etc., 1913; Volume V: Architecture: Buildings, Edifices, Monuments, Temples, etc.; Naval and Marine: Galley and Parts of, Shells, Trident, etc., 1914; Volume VI: Science and the Arts: Astronomy, Sculpture, Music, Comedy, Games, etc.; Various, 1916; Volume VII: General Guide-Index of the Six Parts of Section I (Inanimate Objects, Plants, etc.), 1911.   London L. Anson/Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.
Baldwin,
Agnes
1915 Symbolism on Greek Coins.   American Journal of Numismatics (1897-1924), Volume 49, 1915, pp. 89-194, pl. 15-20
BMC Celtic

1987-
1995
Catalogue of the Celtic Coins in the British Museum: With Supplementary Material from Other British Collections. Volume I: Silver Coins of the East Celts and Balkan Peoples, 1987; Volume II: Silver Coins of North Italy, South and Central France, Switzerland and South Germany, 1990; Volume III: The Bronze Coins of Gaul, 1995. (Initiated and edited by Derek Allen; Series editors/authors: John Kent and Melinda Mays).   London British Museum
BMC Greek

1873-1927 A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Muse-um. Volume I: Italy, 1873; Volume II: Sicily, 1876; Volume III: The Tauric Chersonese, Sarmatia, Dacia, Moesia, Thrace, etc., 1877; Volume IV: The Seleucid Kings of Syria, 1878; Volume V: Macedonia, etc., 1879; Volume VI: Thessaly to Aetolia, 1883; Volume VII: The Ptolemies, Kings of Egypt, 1883; Volume VIII: Central Greece (Locris, Phocis, Boeotia, and Euboea), 1884; Volume IX: Crete and the Aegean Islands, 1886; Volume X: Peloponnesus (Excluding Corinth), 1887; Volume XI: Attica-Megaris-Aegina, 1888; Volume XII: Corinth, Colonies of Corinth, etc., 1889; Volume XIII: Pontus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, and the Kingdom of Bosporus, 1889; Volume XIV: Ionia, 1892; Volume XV: Of Alexandria and the Nomes, 1892; Volume XVI: Mysia, 1894; Volume XVII: Troas, Aeolis, and Lesbos, 1894; Volume XVIII: Caria, Cos, Rhodes, etc., 1897; Volume XIX: Lycia, Pamphylia, and Pisidia, 1897; Volume XX: Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria, 1898; Volume XXI: Lycaonia, Isauria, and Cilicia, 1900; Volume XXII: Lydia, 1901; Volume XXIII: Cyprus, 1904; Volume XXIV: Phrygia, 1906; Volume XXV: Phoenicia, 1910; Volume XXVI: Palestine (Galilee, Samaria, and Judaea), 1914; Volume XXVII: Arabia, Mesopotamia, and Persia (Nabataea, Arabia Provincia, S. Arabia, Mesopotamia, Babylonia, Assyria, Persia, Alexandrine Empire of the East, Persis, Elymais, Characene), 1922; Volume XXVIII: Cyrenaica, 1927. (Initiated and edited by Reginald Stuart Poole; Series editors/authors: Percy Gardner, Barclay Vincent Head, George Francis Hill, Edward Stanley Gotch Robinson, and Warwick William Wroth; 1963-1965: Reprint edition: Arnaldo Forni Editore, Bologna).   London British Museum
BMC Indian

1884-
1936
A Catalogue of the Indian Coins in the British Muse-um. Volume I: The Coins of the Sultans of Delhi in the British Museum, 1884; Volume II: The Coins of the Muhammadan States of India in the British Museum, 1886; Volume III: The Coins of the Greek and Scythic Kings of Bactria and India in the British Museum, 1886; Volume IV: The Coins of the Moghul Emperors of Hindustan in the British Museum, 1892; Volume V: Catalogue of the Coins of the Andhra Dynasty, the Western Ksatrapas, the Traikutaka Dynasty, and the "Bodhi" Dynasty, 1908; Volume VI: Catalogue of the Coins of the Gupta Dynasties and of Sasanka, King of Guada, 1914; Volume VII: Catalogue of the Coins of Ancient India, 1936; (Initiated and edited by Reginald Stuart Poole; Series editors/authors: John Allan, Percy Gardner, Stanley Edward Lane-Poole, and Edward James Rapson).   London British Museum
BMC Roman
Empire


1923-
1962
Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum. Volume I: Augustus to Vitellius, 1923 (1976: second edition); Volume II: Vespasian to Domitian, 1930 (1976: second edition); Volume III: Nerva to Hadrian, 1936 (1976: second edition); Volume IV: Antoninus Pius to Commodus, 1940 (1968: second edition); Volume V: Pertinax to Elagabalus, 1950 (1975: second edition); Volume VI: Severus Alexander to Balbinus and Pupienus, 1962. (Initiated and edited by Harold Mattingly; Series editors/authors: Robert Andrew Glendinning Carson, and Philip V. Hill).   London British Museum
BMC Roman
Medallions


1874 Roman Medallions in the British Museum. (Initiated and edited by Herbert Appold Grueber).   London British Museum
BMC Roman
Republic


1910-
1970
Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum. Volume I: Aes Rude, Aes Signatum, Aes Grave, and Coinage of Rome from B.C. 268, 1910 (1970: second edition); Volume II: Coinages of Rome (Continued), Roman Campania, Italy, The Social War and the Provinces, 1910 (1970: second edition); Volume III: Tables of Finds and Cognomina, Indexes, Plates, etc., 1910 (1970: second edition). (Initiated and edited by Herbert Appold Grueber; Series editors/ authors: Robert Andrew Glendinning Carson and Michael Hewson Crawford).   London British Museum
Burnett,
Andrew M.
1986 The Iconography of Roman Coin Types in the Third Century BC.   London Royal Numismatic Society
Same Author

1987 Coinage in the Roman World.   London Spink & Son
Butcher,
Kevin
1988 Roman Provincial Coins: An Introduction to the Greek Imperials.   London Trafalgar Square
Caccamo Caltabiano,
Maria
2015 Lexicon Iconographicum Numismaticae: Progetto biennale.   Reggio Calabria Falzea Editore
Carson,
Robert A. G.
1990 Coins of the Roman Empire.   London Routledge
Chattopadhyay,
Bhaskar
1977 Coins and Icons: A Study of Myths and Symbols in Indian Numismatic Art.   Calcutta Punthi Pustak
Crawford,
Michael H.
1974 Roman Republican Coinage (RRC). Volumes I-II.   Cambridge Cambridge University Press
Demougeot,
Émilienne
1986 La symbolique du lion et du serpent sur les solidi des empéreurs d'occident de la première motié du Ve siècle.   Revue numismatique, Series 6, Volu-me 28, 1986, pp. 94-118
Elkins,
Nathan T. and Stefan Krmnicek, eds.
2014 'Art in the Round': New Approaches to Ancient Coin Ico-nography. University of Tübingen, Institut für Klassische Archäologie, International Workshop, 15-16 November 2012. Tübinger Archäologische Forschungen, Volume 16.   Tübingen Verlag Marie Leidorf
Failmezger,
Victor T.
2002 Roman Bronze Coins: From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D.   Washington Ross & Perry
Heuchert,
Volker
2005 The Chronological Development of Roman Provin-cial Coin Iconography. In Howgego, Christopher, Volker Heuchert, and Andrew Burnett, eds., Coinage and Identity in the Roman Provinces, 2005, pp. 29-56.   Oxford Oxford University Press
Hill,
Philip V., Robert A. G. Carson, and John P. C. Kent
1960 Late Roman Bronze Coinage, A.D. 324-498. Part 1. The Bronze Coinage of the House of Constantine, A.D. 324-346, Part 2. Bronze Roman Imperial Coinage of the Later Empire, A.D. 346-498.   London Spink & Son
Howgego,
Christopher
1995 Ancient History from Coins.   London Routledge
Howgego,
Christopher, Volker Heuchert, and Andrew Burnett, eds.
2005 Coinage and Identity in the Roman Provinces.   Oxford Oxford University Press
Imhoff-Blumer,
Friedrich and Otto Keller
1889 Tier- und Pflanzenbilder auf Münzen und Gemmen des klassischen Altertums.   Leipzig Verlag von B. G. Teubner
Kent,
John P. C.
1978 Roman Coins.   New York Abrams
Kerkeslager,
Allen
2001 The Apophis Snake on a Coin of Domitian from Alex-andria (BMC Alexandria 348; RPC 2, 2756).   The Numismatic Chronicle, Volume 161, 2001, pp. 287-290
Kraay,
Colin Mackennal
1976 Archaic and Classical Greek Coins.   London Methuen Publishing
Kraay,
Colin Mackennal and Max Hirmer
1966 Greek Coins.   London Thames & Hudson
LIMC 1981-
2009
Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC). Volumes I-VIII. Indices. Supplementum.   Zürich Artemis & Winkler Verlag
Manders,
Erika
2011 Communicating Messages through Coins: A New Approach to the Emperor Decius. In Jaarboek voor Munt- en Penningkunde, Volume 98, 2011, pp. 17-38.   Amsterdam Koninklijk Nederlands Genootschap voor Munt- en Penningkunde
Metcalf,
William E., ed.
2012 The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage.   New York Oxford University Press
Mukherjee,
Chhanda
1991 Gupta Numismatic Art: An Artistic and Iconographic Study.   Delhi Agam Kala Prakashan
Nousek,
Debra L.
2008 Turning Points in Roman History: The Case of Caesar's Elephant Denarius.   Phoenix, Volume 62, Number 3/4, Fall/Winter 2008, pp. 290-307
RIC

1923-
1994
The Roman Imperial Coinage. Volumes I-XIII. (Initiated by Carol Humphrey Vivian Sutherland and Harold Mattingly in 1923; Volume I revised in 1984).   London Spink & Son
Rowan,
Clare
2019 From Caesar to Augustus (c. 49 BC - AD 14): Using Coins as Sources.   Cambridge Cambridge University Press
RPC

1992-
2006
Roman Provincial Coinage. Volume I: From the Death of Caesar to the Death of Vitellius (44 BC - AD 69), 1992 (1998: Corrected reprint); Volume II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96), 1999; Volume III: Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian (AD 96-138), 2015; Volume VII: De Gordien Ier à Gordien III (238-244 après J.-C.), 1. Province d'Asie, 2006; Volume IX: From Trajan Decius to Uranius Antoninus (AD 249-254), 2016; Supplement 1, 1998. (Initiated and edited by Andrew M. Burnett; Series editors/authors: Michel Amandry, Ian Carradice, Pere Pau Ripollès, and M. Spoerri Butcher; Ongoing collaborative publication).   London/
Paris
British Museum Press/Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Thonemann,
Peter
2015 The Hellenistic World: Using Coins as Sources.   Cambridge Cambridge University Press
Troncoso,
Víctor Alonso
2018 The Animal Types on the Argead Coinage: Wilderness and Macedonia. In Howe, Timothy and Frances Pownall, eds., Ancient Macedonians in Greek and Roman Sources: From History to Historiography, 2018, pp. 137-162.   Swansea Classical Press of Wales
Vázquez Hoys,
Ana María
1993 La serpiente en las monedas: Transmisión iconográfica de una antigua creencia.   Espacio, Tiempo y Forma, Serie 2, Volume 6, 1993, pp. 59-98
Woods,
David
2009 Caesar the Elephant against Juba the Snake.   Numismatic Chronicle, Volume 169, 2009, pp. 189-192
Same Author

2018 Constantine I and a New Christian Golden Age: A Secretly Christian Reverse Type Identified?   Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studi-es, Volume 58, Number 3, 2018, pp. 366-388


Note(s): (1) A minimalist approach is adopted for the descriptions of the bibliographic entries: in cases of multiple publishers or publishing locations, only the first entry from the full bibliographic description is listed. (2) In cases of modern reprints of important older works, the original publication is listed, with the information on the later edition(s), such as the date of reprint, publisher, and publishing location, placed inside parentheses. In cases of translated works, both the original and English versions are listed. (3) An idiosyncratic universal formatting of the English-language entries is employed: all nouns, pronouns, numerals, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, and some categories of determiners are capitalized.

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